INTEGRATED NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT IN VEGETABLES- SUCCESS STORIES


With the objective of improving productivity, sustaining yield and soil health, farmer level demonstration trials were initiated in 2014 in different districts. One of the treatments in these trials was soil test based integrated nutrient management system combining lime, organic manures, bio fertilizers and inorganic fertilizers which was compared with the farmer level practices to highlight the benefits accrued. Trials were carried out in farmers fields with paddy, tapioca, banana, and vegetables. The results clearly indicated the superiority of soil test based integrated nutrient management with organics and bio fertilizer, bringing about a positive influence in economic benefits
Transfer of integrated nutrient management technology needs validation in the farm level. The Department of Agriculture in collaboration with the National Institute of Plant Health Management, Hyderabad, is conducting a Post Graduate Diploma Programme on Plant Health for Agricultural Officers of the State. Conduct of field trials on soil and plant health management is part of the curriculum.
Under this programme, multi-locational field trials on various crops have been undertaken and results are encouraging. Many farmers are now adopting this technology for improving crop productivity and sustaining soil health.
A few success stories on various crops are presented

CROP: PADDY


DISTRICT : KANNUR
BLOCK : KALLIASSERI

PANCHAYATH : CHERUTHAZHAM

Cheruthazham
Cheruthazham

SOIL TEST RESULTS

Strongly acidic, low in potassium, deficient in calcium, magnesium and boron

Farmer Address Production(ha)
Farmer's practices Soil test based
Sri. K.Damodharan
Cheruthazham P.O, Kannur
3100 kg/ha (32400 Rs/ha) 5200 kg/ha (45800 Rs/ha)

  • Yield increase over farmers’ practices: 67 %
  • Increase in income over farmers’ practices: 41 %

CROP: PADDY


DISTRICT : PALAKKAD
BLOCK : ALATHUR

PANCHAYATH : VADAKKANCHERRY

Vadakkancherry‍
Vadakkancherry‍
Vadakkancherry‍

SOIL TEST RESULTS

Strongly acidic, low in available potassium and deficient in boron

Farmer Address Production(ha)
Farmer's practices Soil test based
Kuruvai padasekharam, Vadakkancherry 4250 kg/ha 5500 kg/ha

  • Yield increase over farmers’ practices: 30 %
  • Increase in net profit over farmers’ practices: 24 %

CROP: PADDY (VAR. PONMANI)


DISTRICT : MALAPPURAM
BLOCK : PERINTHALMANNA

PANCHAYATH : ANGADIPURAM

Angadipuram
Angadipuram
Angadipuram
Angadipuram
Angadipuram
Angadipuram

Agro ecological unit : Northern Laterite agro-ecological unit
Climate : Tropical humid monsoon type
Crops cultivated : Coconut, rubber, banana, tapioca,pepper and rice

SOIL TEST RESULTS

Strongly acidic, medium in organic carbon and potassium, high in phosphorus, and deficient in magnesium and boron

Farmer Address
Total Area (ha) Annual Rainfall Mean annual temperature
Shri. Yousaf, Pothukkattil (H)
Padasekharam Convener, Pariyapuram
Fallow land (8 acres) at Angadipuram (Kayilipadam)
3694 3217 mm 27.3 °C

Paddy cultivated on fallow lands in 2018 with the following practices:

  • Bio Priming of Paddy seeds with Pseudomonas
  • Root dipping of seed mat in trichoderma slurry
  • Agro Ecological System Analysis -Ecological engineering
  • Fertilizer application based Soil test
  • Yield of paddy from 8 acres : 30 tons
  • Productivity of paddy (t/ha): 9.3 ( as against the average local productivity of 3.75 t/ha)
  • Marketing strategy: Through Social Media-DoorDelivery

CROP: TAPIOCA


DISTRICT : MALAPPURAM
BLOCK : TIRUR

PANCHAYATH : VETTOM

Vettom‍
Vettom‍

SOIL TEST RESULTS

Strongly acidic, low in organic carbon and deficient in calcium and magnesium

Farmer Address Production(ha)
Farmer's practices Soil test based
Sri. Shamsudheen C.M
Chundanveettil Mandayapurath House, Vettom
11750 kg/ha(114050 Rs) 13000 kg/ha(151600 Rs)

  • Results indicated positive influence of soil test based nutrient application over POP based and farmers’ practices
  • Increase in profit over farmers’ practices : 32 %

CROP: BITTER GOURD (VAR. PRIYANKA)


DISTRICT : PATHANAMTHITTA
BLOCK : KOIPURAM

PANCHAYATH : PURAMATTOM

Puramattom
Puramattom
Puramattom
Puramattom
Puramattom
Puramattom

SOIL TEST RESULTS

Strongly acidic, low in phosphorus and potassium and deficient in calcium, magnesium, zinc and boron

Farmer Address Production(ha)
Farmer's practices Soil test based
Sri Alex Mathew
Komattu house, Mundamala P.O, Puramattom
15.21 Ton(2.78 Lakhs) 16.38 Ton(3.33 Lakhs)

  • Yield increase over farmers’ practices : 23 %
  • Highest benefit cost ratio (2.2 ) is observed for 4th Treatment

CROP: BEANS


DISTRICT : IDUKKI
BLOCK : DEVIKULAM

PANCHAYATH : KANTHALLOOR

Kanthalloor

SOIL TEST RESULTS

acidic, low in organic carbon, deficient in calcium, magnesium and boron

Farmer Address Production(ha)
Farmer's practices Soil test based
Sri. P.T. Mohandas
Mountain Shine House, Kanthalloor
12.6 Ton 18.7 Ton

  • Yield increase over farmers’ practices for beans: 48.4 %

CROP: CARROT


DISTRICT : IDUKKI
BLOCK : DEVIKULAM

PANCHAYATH : KANTHALLOOR

Kanthalloor

SOIL TEST RESULTS

: acidic, low in organic carbon, deficient in calcium, magnesium and boron

Farmer Address Production(ha)
Farmer's practices Soil test based
Smt. Ambily Vijayan
Puthenparambil, GN Puram
18.3 Ton 28.1 Ton

  • Yield increase over farmers’ practices for carrot: 53.5 %

CROP: SNAKE GOURD


DISTRICT : KOLLAM
BLOCK : KOTTARAKKARA

PANCHAYATH : EZHUKONE

Ezhukone‍
Ezhukone‍

SOIL TEST RESULTS

Very strongly acidic, deficient in magnesium, sulphur and boron.

Farmer Address Production(ha)
Farmer's practices Soil test based
Sri. Narayana Pillai
Bindu Bhavanam, Kakkakottoor, Ezhukone
41.1 Ton 43.0 Ton

  • Increase in profit over farmers’ practices : 15 %
  • Highest benefit cost ratio (2.6 ) is observed for the 4th Treatment

CROP: SNAKE GOURD (VAR. KOUMUDI)


DISTRICT : ALAPPUZHA
BLOCK : KANJIKUZHI

PANCHAYATH : KANJIKUZHI

Kanjikuzhy
Kanjikuzhy
Kanjikuzhy

SOIL TEST RESULTS

Strongly acidic, low in potassium and deficient in magnesium, zinc and boron

Farmer Address Production(ha)
Farmer's practices Soil test based
Sri. Anandan
Anchathara, Mayithara P.O, Kanjikuzhy
17.4 Ton 27.0 Ton

  • Highest benefit cost ratio (2.2 ) is observed for the Treatment (soil test based)

CROP: COWPEA (VAR. SWETHA)


DISTRICT : KOTTAYAM
BLOCK : UZHAVOOR

PANCHAYATH : RAMAPURAM

Ramapuram‍‍
Ramapuram‍‍
Ramapuram

SOIL TEST RESULTS

Strongly acidic, low in potassium and deficient in magnesium, zinc and boron

Farmer Address Production(ha)
Farmer's practices Soil test based
. Jose Thomas
Parekudiyil, Ramapuram
6278 kg/ha 7619 kg/ha

  • Yield increase over farmers’ practices : 21 %
  • Highest benefit cost ratio (1.6 ) is observed for the 4th treatment

CROP: COWPEA (VAR. SWETHA)


DISTRICT : IDUKKI
BLOCK : NEDUMKANDA

PANCHAYATH : RAJAKKAD

Rajakkad
Rajakkad
Rajakkad

Agro ecological unit : Southern High Hills agro- ecological unit
Climate : Tropical humid monsoon type
Crops cultivated : Pepper, cardamom, rice and coconut

SOIL TEST RESULTS

Strongly acidic, low in phosphorus, deficient in magnesium, sulphur and boron

Farmer Address
Total Area (ha) Annual Rainfall Mean annual temperature
Shri. E.C.Shajan
Elanjimattathil, Rajakkad, Idukki District
3103 3602 mm 21.6 °C

  • Soil test based fertilizer application integrated with VAM and Kunapajala gave 34 % more yield over farmer’s practices

CROP: AMARANTHUS TRICOLOR (VAR. ARUN)


DISTRICT : ERNAKULAM
BLOCK : EDAPALLY

PANCHAYATH : MULAVUKAD

Rajakkad
Rajakkad
Rajakkad
Rajakkad
Rajakkad
Rajakkad

Agro ecological unit : Pokkali Lands special agro-ecological unit
Climate : Tropical humid monsoon type
Crops cultivated : Coconut, arecanut and banana

SOIL TEST RESULTS

Acidic, medium in organic carbon and potassium, high in phosphorus and deficient in calcium, magnesium and boron

Farmer Address
Total Area (ha) Annual Rainfall Mean annual temperature
Stella Maris Monastery
Mulavukad, Ernakulam District
860 3049 mm 27.6 °C

  • Soil test based fertilizer application gave 50 % more yield over Organic POP recommendation of Kerala Agricultural University

CROP: BHINDI


DISTRICT : KOZHIKODE
BLOCK : KUNNAMANGALAM

PANCHAYATH : PERUVAYAL

Rajakkad
Rajakkad
Rajakkad

Agro ecological unit : Northern Laterite agro-ecological unit
Climate : Tropical humid monsoon type
Crops cultivated : Coconut, arecanut, banana and pepper

SOIL TEST RESULTS

Strongly acidic, high in phosphorus, deficient in calcium and magnesium

Farmer Address
Total Area (ha) Annual Rainfall Mean annual temperature
Shri. Chandrasekharan Nair
Meledathu House, Kodassery Thazham,Peruvayal
2639 3217 mm 27.3 °C

  • Soil test based fertilizer application integrated with VAM and Kunapajala gave 24 % more yield over farmer’s practices

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